Study published with the collaboration of IHCantabria identifies hot spots in coastal risks in Latin America and the Caribbean
Friday, 03 November 2017 14:25

Study published with the collaboration of IHCantabria identifies hot spots in coastal risks in Latin America and the Caribbean

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Published Nov. 2 in PLOS ONE, the study combined 16 variables related to coastal hazards, geographic exposure and socioeconomic vulnerability into a Comparative Coastal Risk Index to identify areas of greatest risk.

"We found that more than 500,000 people in Latin America and the Caribbean live in areas where coastal hazards and poverty intersect,"said lead author Juliano Calil. "These are communities where scarce critical resources are systematically placed in hazard-prone areas, further exacerbating the effects of coastal hazards.

The researchers developed techniques to incorporate a wide range of data into their assessments, enabling them to identify the main risk factors so that they can inform coastal policies.

"This study aims to inform coastal risk reduction and adaptation policies, providing spatial distribution of a variety of key risk factors and critical coastal risk points across the region,"said co-author Iñigo J. Losada, research director of the Institute of Environmental Hydraulics at the University of Cantabria.

The coastal risk locations, identified by the proposed Coastal Risk Comparative Index (CCRI), contain more than 300,000 people and include: El Oro, Ecuador; Sinaloa, Mexico; Usulután, El Salvador; and Chiapas, Mexico. Our results provide important information on possible adaptation alternatives that could reduce the impacts of future hazards. Effective adaptation options should focus not only on developing coastal defences, but also on improving practices and policies related to urban development, agricultural land use and conservation, as well as on improving socio-economic conditions.

Read the article HERE

 

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